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RADIATION AND RISK
Translation of a Russian Journal
by Scientists at Obninsk
Edited by Richard Wilson
(photo of Richard Wilson on his first visit to Chernobyl February 1987)
Physics Department
Harvard University
(last modified August 3rd 2013)
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            Several important issues of this Russian journal, issued by the medical Radiological Research Center at Obninsk have been translated.  The _translation has been made possible by generous grants from the Richard _Lounsbery_Founation and donations from a number of private individuals. In addition specific grants have been available for individual issues as_noted.

*    The following book and report discuss the same subject.     Ivanov V., Tsyb A., Ivanov S., Pokrovsky V. (2004) "Medical Radiological Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe in Russia.  Estimation of Radiation Risks." St. Petersburg, Nauka, 388 p. (in English).
*     "Mean Thyroid Doses for Inhabitants of Different Age Living in1986 in Settlements of the Bryansk, Tula, Orel and Kaluga Regions Contaminated by Radionuclides as a Result of the Chernobyl accident"     (2002) Radiation and Risk, Special Issue, Ed. by M.I. Balonov and I.A.  Zvonova, Obninsk-Moscow, 94 p. (in Russian).

Detail of Radiological Research Center (National Radiation and Epidemiological Registry), Obninsk

 

 


Hard Copies of all the above are available from:


Richard Wilson
Department of Physics
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138
wilson5@fas.harvard.edu
Since the gifts and grants do not cover even the cost of the translation, we ask for a contribution of $15 for each issue to cover postage and a contribution toward translation costs.

In  addition to the translation papers I have added some explanatory reports and papers about Chernobyl.



USSR Accidents
Richard Wilson has followed closely the Russian and Ukrainian  radiation accidents at Chernobyl in the Ukraine, and the accidents at the  Techa River    and the Mayak production complex in  the Ural mountains.  In  1987 he visited Chernobyl  with a Chicago  TV crew and the resulting  film ( Back to Chernobyl)  was on public television in late 1988.  Some photographs of this period are (unordered) in the site:    http://users.physics.harvard.edu/~wilson/Photographs/Chernobyl/

Using the classification noted above, the persons in group 1 which can be identified as individual deaths caused by Chernoble are the 31 deaths due to Acute Radiation Sickness, plus possibly a few more not recorded. Also in group 1 are the 1200 or so Childhood Leukemias, of which only 18 at this time are fatal.  
In group 2 one would include all the 300 who had Acute Radiation exposure of 100 rems or more who have an additional 10% chance of developing cancer.  Also in group 2 are some cleanup workers;  in this group the above papers suggest that there is an attributable increase of leukemia. 
Group 3 would inlude much of the world:  an initial expert estimate of 20,000 persons developing a fatal cancer in the world in the next 70 years has been reduced because of better exposure estimates to 5,000 persons.  The estimate of 2 million people who were adversely affected which was claimed by a representative of the Ukrainian Minsitry of Health is almost certainly wrong - or at least an estimate of thois psychologically affected by the panic and misinformation

  

Some links to other information about doses and effects from Chernobyl


The August 2005 report of EGE forum IAEA this summarises the present expert opinion.
A site with a number of links about Chernobyl is here.   

UNSCEAR 2001 report on possible heriditary effects of radiation exposure and Chernobyl in particular

Report on Cancer after Chernobyl Accident from the US National Cancer Institute
 The 1988 report of the UN Subcommittee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) on exposures due to Chernobyl and Effects of Victims of Chernobyl
There is a very fine French Website on radiation including these accidents.
A recent Australian website about nuclear energy
  A brief report on a BBC website
UNSCEAR 2001 report on possible heriditary effects of radiation exposure and Chernobyl in particular
 Idaho State University's website on the subject of radiation and Chernobyl in particular 
An earlier (1956) USSR Radiation Accident:  Techa River in the  Urals

Two laypeople's accounts are intersting:

A  very fine website called GHOST TOWN.   It is unusually accurate about radiation for a layperson's account.
A new book "Wormwood Forest: A Natural History of Chernobyl" has just been written by Mary Mycio an American Jounalist living in Kiev.  Details are on her website:   www.chernobyl.in.ua